Category Systemtap

Systemtap Editor home

Thanks to all the emails, and suggestion regarding where to host the Systemtap Editor for Eclipse that I am hacking on. I ended up hosting it – under incubation – at the Eclipse Linux Distributions Project.

ViewVC of the subversion repository (ViewVC link)

The editor is under the Systemtap Module.

The danger of rainy weekends

Besides Project Archer I have been mucking around with Systemtap. I’ve always had a bit of trouble writing Systemtap scripts – my brain is not big enough, or my practice high enough to write a comprehensive script without continually looking at the man-pages, language-reference guide or poking around in the Systemtap source. It makes for slow going sometimes.

A couple of days ago, I was chatting with  Frank and he mentioned that Systemtap can now generate coverage on Systemtap’s tapset library with:

stap -L tapset.*

I thought … hmmm.

I’ve been ittching to get back to some Eclipse hacking, and I’ve been waiting for something to come and scratch that itch.

I thought … hmmm.

It’s raining Saturday. “I’ll hack on this for a bit,” I thought.

hmmmmm ….

Well it ate up my whole weekend, but I hacked up a little Systemtap editor in Eclipse that offers syntax highlighting and probe completion.

Here is a view of the editor and completion:

Systemtap Editor Syscall Completion

And here is a screen-shot showing the completion window as we drill down through all the signal probes (in this case to signal.sy*)

Systemtep Editor Partial Signal Completion

I was very impressed with Eclipse, and how everything just worked on Fedora. It took about a day to get the completion, syntax highlighting and the engine-room work to generate the completion meta-data from Systemtap (have to do it dynamically and cache it). I’ll hack on this project as my “weekend” project – it is still pretty raw. I’ll put the plug-in and source up when I can work-out a place to host it.

Also, while I’m here I’d like to point you in the direction of another Systemtap UI. This has a different focus to what I hack on, and seems to concentrate more on execution. I am more focused on script development. It’s all good.

Cool little Systemtap scriptlet

One of the things I’ve always found hard to do via ptrace is system-based state. Watching all processes across a system for a behaviour “trend”.  This is difficult as ptrace is not really designed for that. Frysk tried to address this in a different way. But Systemtap does it in a very scriptable way.

So  …. lately, I’ve been writing a series of articles around Systemtap, and I was hacking up a little script. I found this little tiny scriptlet very useful. It is so simple as well – and child’s play for the experienced Systemtap hackers out there. It simply watches every process for fork/clone and exec. It prints the name and pid for the processes involved. It also watches for a process exec and prints the process name, pid and executable to exec. The actual heavy lifting is done in 6 lines of code, which I find remarkable.

#! /usr/bin/env stap

probe begin {
print ("Tracking process creations .... \n\n")
}

probe process.create {
printf("%s (%d) created %d\n", execname(), pid(), new_pid)
}

probe process.exec {
printf("%s (%d) is exec'ing %s\n", execname(), pid(), filename)
}

probe end {
print("All done!\n")
}

Example output. During this script run, I run thunderbird for the gnome panel:

sudo ./stap -v ~/process_creation.stp 

Pass 1: parsed user script and 43 library script(s) in 220usr/10sys/223real ms.
Pass 2: analyzed script: 5 probe(s), 7 function(s), 1 embed(s), 0 global(s) in 220usr/60sys/294real ms.
Pass 3: using cached .systemtap/cache/dd/stap_dd2b93e5305e7a0f5b95894e9f0d798a_2825.c
Pass 4: using cached .systemtap/cache/dd/stap_dd2b93e5305e7a0f5b95894e9f0d798a_2825.ko
Pass 5: starting run.
Tracking process creations .... 

hald-runner (2128) created 21509
hald-runner (21509) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/hal/scripts/hal-system-killswitch-get-power
hal-system-kill (21509) created 21510
hal-system-kill (21510) is exec'ing /usr/bin/hal-is-caller-privileged
hal-system-kill (21509) created 21511
hal-system-kill (21511) is exec'ing /bin/basename
hal-system-kill (21509) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/hal/scripts/linux/hal-system-killswitch-get-power-linux
hal-system-kill (21509) created 21512
hal-system-kill (21512) is exec'ing /usr/libexec/hal-ipw-killswitch-linux
gnome-panel (3031) created 21513
gnome-panel (21513) created 21514
gnome-panel (21514) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/qt-3.3/bin/thunderbird
gnome-panel (21514) is exec'ing /usr/kerberos/bin/thunderbird
gnome-panel (21514) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/ccache/thunderbird
gnome-panel (21514) is exec'ing /usr/local/bin/thunderbird
gnome-panel (21514) is exec'ing /usr/bin/thunderbird
thunderbird (21514) created 21515
thunderbird (21515) is exec'ing /bin/uname
thunderbird (21514) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/thunderbird-2.0.0.14/thunderbird
thunderbird (21514) created 21516
thunderbird (21516) is exec'ing /usr/bin/dirname
thunderbird (21514) created 21517
thunderbird (21517) is exec'ing /bin/basename
thunderbird (21514) created 21518
thunderbird (21518) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/thunderbird-2.0.0.14/run-mozilla.sh
run-mozilla.sh (21518) created 21519
run-mozilla.sh (21519) is exec'ing /bin/basename
run-mozilla.sh (21518) created 21520
run-mozilla.sh (21520) is exec'ing /usr/bin/dirname
run-mozilla.sh (21518) created 21521
run-mozilla.sh (21521) created 21522
run-mozilla.sh (21522) is exec'ing /usr/bin/which
run-mozilla.sh (21518) created 21523
run-mozilla.sh (21523) is exec'ing /usr/lib64/thunderbird-2.0.0.14/thunderbird-bin

Getting started with Systemtap (Part 2)

I’ll continue part 2 of this article on how I built Systemtap from source and installed it.

After I fetched the  source with:

git clone git://sources.redhat.com/git/systemtap.git

A “systemtap” directory with source was created in my pwd. I like to build out-of-tree to keep the source pristine, so I created a new build directory:

mkdir systemtap_obj
cd systemtap_obj

and ran the configure step

../systemtap/configure

On a Fedora 9 LiveCD install, with a few extra custom rpm’s added, I found I had to install some libraries. The steps to install them are all a bit similar, but here is an example of a missing library error I encountered:

 ../systemtap/configure
checking sys/capability.h usability... no
checking sys/capability.h presence... no
checking for sys/capability.h... no
configure: error: cannot find required libcap header (libcap-devel may need to be installed)

And here is how I installed the library to fix for this error:

sudo yum install libcap-devel

I had to rerun the configure script several times to catch all the missing libraries.  In the end I had to install both libcap-devel, and elfutils-devel. Your experience may vary depending on your install.

And finally,  I built Systemtap with:

make

The build took a few minutes. I installed Systemtap with:

sudo make install

The whole process from fetching source, to building it, to installing it took less than five minutes, which was a pleasant surprise.

Tommorrow I’ll take a look at example scripts, but here is a neat example I ran:

sudo stap ~/systemtap/testsuite/systemtap.examples/syscalls_by_proc.stp
Collecting data... Type Ctrl-C to exit and display results

#SysCalls  Process Name

917        thunderbird-bin
807        firefox
489        hal-system-kill
390        tpb
206        dbus-daemon

Getting started with Systemtap (Part 1)

I decided to write this up as a series of articles. I am really interested in the psychology of an individual becoming interested, using and hopefully participating in an open-source project.  So I decided to journal my experiences in a new project. I always like to dabble in side-projects as a hobby to my main job.  And Systemtap is so close to what I do,  so it became a natural choice.

So here is the first short journal of a newbie’s journey of getting involved with Systemtap.  I’ll keep the dispatches short. A dabbler’s use case, if you will. I’ve always wished that someone would do this for Frysk;  hackers – myself included – can sometimes lose the ground-level  perspective. I constantly worry that our projects are too technical, too complex and oblique to attract new developers. So as a new user of Systemtap, I thought, hey,  time to do what I ask for.

I’ll reproduce a lot of the instructions from the website with some small tweaks. The website for getting started is here:

http://sourceware.org/systemtap/getinvolved.html

Installing Systemtap from yum on Fedora 9

To install Systemtap from yum on Fedora, as a superuser (or sudo) do:

yum install systemtap kernel-devel

We’ll also need to install the kernel debuginfo packages. It is an important point to stress that  as your kernel updates, you also need to keep the debuginfo packages up to date as well. This caught me a few times, producing unreliable/inaccurate results when a mistmatch occured. To install the debuginfo:

 yum --enablerepo=updates-debuginfo install kernel-debuginfo

This is different than noted on the site. The yum command on the Getting Started Guide also enables my rawhide repo, and it installed the rawhide kernel debuginfo.  Your experience may vary.

And that is it. This will install the last release. And that’s ok. But … if I’m going to participate, I prefer to be at the leading edge. So I’ll be brave, and go straight to the source. Will need git for this, so install that  first:

yum install git

To get the source type this into a shell where you wish to fetch the Systemtap repo.

git clone git://sources.redhat.com/git/systemtap.git

Tomorrow I’ll write about building systemtap and running the examples

Copyright © Phil Muldoon

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